In Greenbrier Court in 1809. In Montgomery Co., KY in 1810 with only 1 of his 4 children. Believe the child with him was Isaac with Uriah, Rebecca, and baby David staying with John Cottle in Monroe Co., (W)VA, which just exactly accounts for the 3 children listed for John in the 1810 Monroe Co. census.

Update to the above: that was the apparent story as derived from a transcript of the Montgomery Co. (reconstructed) census list. I've since looked at the original (on microfilm) and it appears that all 4 of his children were with him. Of course the census list was put together from tax lists after the original was lost and there may have been a period of time when 3 of his children were with his brother in Virginia but joined him later that year. Note that he is also listed in the reconstructed 1810 Virginia census. - May be the Jacob Cottle listed on the 1799 Monroe County tax list and - as a resident of the county in Morton's "History of Monroe County." One list I've seen for Monroe County actually lists him and doesn't list a Jacob.

This is one account of Joseph Cottle I ran across.

Joseph Cottle was born March 17, 1772 in either Augusta or Botetourt County, Virginia. He was living in Fayette County, Kentucky, when he entered the army during September, 1790. He enlisted at Georgetown, Kentucky, taking the place of another man who had been drafted. The enlistment was for only (??) month's duration, and at the end of that tour he re-enlisted. His application for a pension, in 1832, was rejected on the basis his service was not in the Revolutionary War, but was in the Indian Wars, for which no pensions were allowed.

During the time he was in service he was marched, first, to the vicinity of Toledo, Ohio, where he was engages (sic) in conflict with the Indians at "Maumee Town." The Americans were defeated and retreated to fort Washington, opposite the mouth of the Licking River, where Cincinnati now stands. He was there for some time before being discharged and returning home to Fayette County, Kentucky.

In August, 1792, he volunteered and was accepted into the service, again at Georgetown, Kentucky. Quoting his account, "We were marched some time in August, 1792, to Fort Washington, or Cincinnati " (he does not now recollect which of the names the place was called). "We were marched to the water of the White River, where we built a Garrison called Greenville." (Somewhere about 35 miles north of Evansville, Indiana.) "We lay there two months, then we marched to Fort Hamilton. From there we returned to Fort Washington and was there discharged a second time, on November 9, 1792." He again returned to Fayette County to live. The Generals he served under were Harmas (sic) and Anthony Wayne who was called "Mad Anthony" because of his reckless courage. Fayette County, Kentucky, is about 75 miles west of Morgan County, where the village of "Cottle" is situated. Joseph Cottle was a resident of Morgan County when he applied for a pension, in September, 1832.

From [The Cottle Family Genealogy - James Benjamin Schwabe - c 1977 152 pgs]

And another account:

Joseph Cottle was born in Virginia on March 17, 1772, in Augusta County. He married Nancy Nickell in Monroe County, (West) Virginia in Greenbrier Valley on Second Creek of the Greenbrier River just south of Lewisburg, (West) Virginia. That whole area was settled by Ulster Scots from the Shenandoah Valley near Staunton just prior to the Revolutionary War. The Cottles were a large branch of these Scotch-Irish settlers. They all settled in the Greenbrier area. After the Revolutionary War they moved to Eastern Kentucky, mostly in Morgan and Rowan Counties where they have many descendants. Some of these Cottles immigrated to Northeastern Kansas and Northcentral Missouri.

Nancy Nickell's (Joseph Cottle's wife) parents were Isaac Nickell and Margaret Curry; and her grandparents were John Nickell and Barbara McCombe who came to this country from Ireland and settled in Virginia in 1749. Some of the Nickell's also moved to Kentucky.

Joseph Cottle applied for a government pension two different times but never received it because he was too young for the Revolutionary War, but he was in General Harmer's and Wayne's Indian Wars. At the time he applied for his pension he was 61 years old and stated that he had lived in Greenbrier County, Virginia, and the counties of Fayatte, Floyd, and Morgan Kentucky. The first time that he was in the service he substituted for William Vaughters and entered the service at Georgetown, Ky., in 1790. He was attached to Captain Cragg's company. They marched to Fort Washington where they joined the main army commanded by General Harmer. From there they were marched to the Maumee Towns and were in an engagement with the Indians where the Americans were defeated and Major Fountain was killed. (See Withers "Chronicles of Border Warfare" page 385 footnote one - originally page 286.) Then they returned to Fort Washington and sometime later he was discharged; his discharge papers were signed by General Harmer.

He entered the service again as a volunteer in 1792 at Georgetown, Ky., and was attached to the company commanded by Capt. Hall. From there they marched to Cincinnati and then to the waters of the White River where they built a garrison called Greenville. They were there two months, then marched to Fort Hamilton and from there they returned to Fort Washington and (he was) discharged for a second time. This time his papers were signed by General Anthony Wayne.

Joseph and Nancy Cottle had several children. Some of them were: Uriah, Rebecca, Isaac, David N., Margaret, Robert C., Elizabeth, Mary Polly, and James.

From (Joseph Cottle and some of his descendants. Mrs. Hubert D. Nunn)

From here on we get into research by myself and others.

I also have a record of 61 days service in 1793, pay packet, etc.

Tax list appearances: Joseph married Nancy in Monroe County, (W)VA in 1799 and a Jacob Cottle appears on the Monroe tax list for that year. That is likely Joseph with Jacob possibly being a middle name, thus:

1799 Monroe County Jacob (Joseph) Cottle 1 horse
1800 Monroe County Joseph Cottle 1 horse
1801 Monroe County Joseph Cottle 1 horse
1802 Kanawha County Joseph Cottle 1 horse
1806 Monroe County Joseph Cottel 2 horses
1807 Monroe County Joseph Cottral 1 horse
1809 Monroe County Joseph Cottle 4 horses
1810 Monroe County Joseph Cottle 4 horses
1810 Montgomery Co., KY Joseph Cottle
1811 Bath Co., KY (Joseph Cottle not listed)
1820 Floyd Co., KY Joseph Cottle
1830 Morgan Co., KY Joseph Cottle
1840 Morgan Co., KY (Joseph Cottle not listed)
1850 Morgan Co., KY (Joseph Cottle not listed)
1852 Morgan Co., KY Joseph Cottle dies

He may possibly have been in Lee County, Virginia in the period from late 1802 when his daughter Rebecca was born through early 1806 when he subsequently reappears on the Monroe County list.


July 21, 1783 - Present: Donally, Mathews, Renick, Anderson, Ward, Williams. Special term held for the purpose of trying Jame, Negro man slave of Patrick Davis for feloniously attempting a rape on the body of Mary Gray. Guilty and Sentenced to be hanged on August 4, next. Jame valued at 80 pounds current Money. Witnesses: Geo. & Mary Gray, Jos. Cottle.

(The above is actually info from two different court sessions which has been spliced together. See below.)

Court of 21 July 1783: Trial of Jame (a) Slave, a Negro man, the property of Patrick Davis, for feloniously attempting a rape on the body of Mary Gray. Mary Gray unable to attend this day by inability of body, therefore ordered Jame remanded to gaol on that account, and also on the complaint of George Gray who complains of a burglary commited by said Jame at the time he attempted the above felony and that the trial of premises be held at the courthouse on Saturday the 26th instant and sheriff ordered to summon the justices of this county to attend that day.

Court of 26 July 1783: Mary and George Gray came into court to prosecute and testified that Jame Slave, a Negro man slave, property of Patrick Davis of this county, on 14th day of July on the night of the same day broke into the house of said George Gray when said Mary was abed and asleep, the door being made fast with a gimblet and stool, and came into her bed and attempted to ravish her. Joseph Cottle was sworn a witness in this behalf. Court heard Jame I his own defense and upon consideration of court, it appears that Jame is guilty of the felony and burglary aforesaid and asked Jame if he has anything to say why the court should not proceed to prounounce sentence of death against him according to law upon said conviction, and Jame replied that he had already said all he had to say, wherefore, court sentences him to hang by the neck until dead on Monday 4th day of August next. Memo: Court valued said Jame at 80 pounds current money.

In Hardesty's material on Greenbrier County it mentions three Negroes being hanged in the county's history and Jame wasn't one of them so I wonder if his master managed to get the sentence overturned somehow. Haven't found any record of this occurring but then haven't looked too hard for it either. Doc.


Court of August 1809: (Specific date not recorded - or else not transcribed. Previous court date was 22 July and subsequent one was 26 September.)

Michael Bright vs Jos. Cottle, Jury to inquire of damages: John Adwell, Geo. Clingman, Adam Comber, Jas. W. Mathews, Henry Eathel, Thos. Creigh, John D. Littlepage, Conrod Ling, George Whetsel, Andrew Whitman, E. Gilkerson, and George Reader that they find for the plff 12-12-0 (12 pounds, 12 schillings) damages plus costs.

(It would appear that this loss in court precipitated Joseph's move to Kentucky the next year.)