In 1850 Samuel R. Turner enumerated all of the residents of Morgan County, both white and black plus those of mixed blood, both free and slave. In total there were 7,620 people living in the county. Of that total 187 were slaves and 38 more were listed as "col'd" which included free blacks and mulattoes. (The census enumerators were instructed to make the determination of who belonged to which group themselves.) No slaves were enumerated as being mulatto. There were 7,395 whites enumerated.